Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa with a land area of 945,097 square kilometers – comprising both the mainland and the Zanzibar Archipelago.Tanzania is four times the size of Great Britain, seven times larger than England, or a little larger than Texas.

Population 63.59 million (2021) from which 99 percent are African; 68% live in rural areas

Major languages are Kishwahili, Chagga, Gogo, Ha, Haya, Luo, Maasai, English, and others 

Religions: Christian (30%), Muslim (35%), indigenous beliefs (35%).

ONA SAFARI - Map Tanzania National Parks
Trekking Kilimanjaro from far away in Tanzania

Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa is considered the tallest freestanding mountain in the world, rising 4,600 meters from base to summit. Two of its three peaks—Mawenzi and Shira—are extinct while Kibo, the highest peak is dormant and could erupt again. Kilimanjaro’s last eruption was over 200 years ago.

The world’s second deepest lake, Lake Tanganyika is found in western Tanzania. Lake Tanganyika is home to over 250 cichlid fish species. African cichlid fish are the largest and most diverse radiation of vertebrate species in the world. Lake Tanganyika is also the longest fresh water lake in the world.

Kitenge is an African garment similar to sarong, worn around the chest or waist, as a headscarf, or as a baby sling. Kitenges are found in striking patterns and bright colours and many of them have short messages printed onto their edges – usually messages relating to love or friendship. Kitenge make great gifts and are light and easy to pack when you are travelling. 

Tanzania is the world’s only source of tanzanite, a semi-precious stone found in the Merelani Hills near Arusha. The deep blue of Tanzanite is magnificent, ranging from ultramarine blue to light violet-blue. The most coveted colour is a blue which shows a purplish hue shimmering around it. The Tanzanite stone is particularly highly prized as it is found in only one place in the world.

Giraffes at Tarangire Nationalpark | Tanzania


Mt. Kilimanjaro

Ngorongoro Crater

Serengeti National Park

Zanzibar and Pemba

Tarangire National Park

Lake Manyara National Park

Nyerere National Park

Ruaha National Park

Mafia Island

Mt. Meru

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